Nation State and Shia Islam. The Analysis of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's Political Ideas in the Context of Carl Schmitt's Conceptions
Ayatollah Khomeini conceived the concept of the Islamic state as a conservative-modern model in favor of state sovereignty in Iran. He derived that concept from the structure of Shiite theology. He thus transformed Shi'ism from a quietist religion into a state religion. In this essay his ideas will be analyzed in the context of Carl Schmitt's conceptions, who advocated the enduring significance of sovereignty in Europe and by distinguishing the political from the state.
Keywords imamat, sovereignty, legitimacy, legality, right, law, daggal, antichrist, greater space, um al-Qura.