Carl Schmitts Paradigma der Internationalen Beziehungen und seine sicherheitspolitische Bedeutung

Sebastian Enghofer, Oliver Hidalgo


Recently Carl Schmitt has gained attention as a forethinker of international relations. Current security challenges from asymmetric warfare to a waning of state sovereignty have even earned Schmitt the attribute of being the “author of the moment” (Reinhard Mehring). Schmitt's paradigm of international relations is often seen as either a mere continuation of realistic views like Carr or Morgenthau or as a justification of national-socialist expansionism. This paper will argue for a different view of Schmitt, according to which Schmitt holds a similar ‘special position’ to that of Kants “Perpetual Peace”. Therefore Schmitt cannot be considered clearly as arguing for realism or against liberalism. His thoughts shall be developed using the term ‘political existentialism’, which puts Schmitt's anti-individualism at the core of his novel views on international relations and the security policy implications thereof.

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